Thursday, September 8, 2011

Routine Electrical Receptacle Testing

What are the requirements for routine electrical receptacle testing?

Regarding routine electrical receptacle testing, there are no specific requirements delineated in TJC standards or Elements of Performance as one can see below.

While TJC does not mandate compliance with the entire NFPA 99, the NFPA 99 does provide recommendations for receptacle testing and record keeping. TJC expects that manufacturers' recommendations be considered as well as risk levels and/or hospital experience. 

Other than high risk or critical care areas that may require more frequent testing, I used to recommend organizations perform a random testing process over a period of time that would eventually incorporate all areas. I also recommended, like the NFPA 99, that a test protocol be developed and exception reporting be utilized for a more efficient process.

Standard EC.02.05.01
The [organization] manages risks associated with its utility systems.

Elements of Performance for EC.02.05.01
EP2: The hospital maintains a written inventory of all operating components of utility systems or maintains a written inventory of selected operating components of utility systems based on risks for infection, occupant needs, and systems critical to patient care (including all life support systems). The hospital evaluates new types of utility components before initial use to determine whether they should be included in the inventory. (See also EC.02.05.05, EPs 1, 3-5)

EP3: The hospital identifies in writing inspection and maintenance activities for all operating components of utility systems on the inventory. (See also EC.02.05.05, EPs 3 - 5 and EC.02.05.09, EP 1)
Note: Hospitals may use different approaches to maintenance. For example, activities such as predictive maintenance, reliability-centered maintenance, interval-based inspections, corrective maintenance, or metered maintenance may be selected to ensure dependable performance.

EP4: The hospital identifies in writing the intervals for inspecting, testing, and maintaining all operating components of the utility systems on the inventory, based on criteria such as manufacturers' recommendations, risk levels, or hospital experience. (See also EC.02.05.05, EPs 3-5)

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